Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder. It usually occurs in women reproductive age. The imbalance of women hormone prolongs irregular periods. The male hormone exceeds to high levels in females.
The ovaries may not correctly work and develop many small follicles but not develop regular eggs. The process of ovulation gets chaotic and disturbed that leads to the polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Early treatment can over the risk of major complications like type 2 diabetes, heart diseases and permeant infertility.
Causes of the polycystic ovarian syndrome(PCOS)
- increase insulin
- increase androgen (male hormone testosterone)
These are the causes of female hormonal imbalance which leads to the polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Polycystic ovarian symptoms
- Irregular periods
- weight gain
- Hirsutism body hair acne,
- Hair loss, thin, Alopecia
- Painful periods
- High blood pressure
Irregular periods are a clear sign of the polycystic ovarian syndrome. For example, you might have lighter or heavier periods after this disease. Often you might miss the periods for many months.
Androgen is a male reproductive hormone testosterone. The level of androgen may increase in female body due to PCOS and body exhibits male physical qualities like types of facial hair and body hairs, acute acne and manly baldness.
The polycystic ovarian syndrome causes weight gain. Normally this kind of weight cannot reduce by diet or exercise without treatment.
Hirsutism (unwanted body hairs, acne, Alopecia)
Hirsutism is a medical term which means the growth of unwanted hair on whole body of a female such as face, chin, breast, belly and feet.
Acne or oily skin can also prevail due to hormonal changes.
Alopecia is a hair loss disease in which the patient lost her hairs in the form of patches.
Sleeping disorder is also very common in PCOS. Mood swing and restless wake up all night and the effects the health similarly feeling fatigued and headache most of the time.
Most of the women with PCOS are depressed because of not getting pregnant. Polycystic ovarian syndrome origins temporary or sometime permeant infertility.
Seldom, irregular periods are heavy and painful in polycystic ovarian syndrome. Sometimes, blood comes out in the form of colts.
High blood pressure
Polycystic ovarian syndrome might increase blood pressure and cardiovascular disease due to high level of insulin in the body.
Major complications of PCOS
- Fertility (lack of ovulation)
- Diabetes and high blood pressure in pregnancy
- Difficulty in conceiving a pregnancy
- Severe liver inflammation due to fats
- Type 2 diabetes
- Depression, anxiety
- Eating disorder
- Sleeping disorder
- Mood swings.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome and treatment
There are two types of treatment:
- diet and Lifestyle
Most of the time PCOS associates overweight or obesity. Weight loss helps in normal ovulation. Weight loss consistently improves insulin resistance and hormonal imbalance.
The diet must be natural and simple like fruits, vegetables, beans and multi-grains. No artificial food will consume such as junk food sugar or dairy products.
Medication of PCOS
A doctor gives diabetes medicines to the patient of the polycystic ovarian syndrome. They also prescribe multivitamins like vitamin D vitamin b12 and other dietary supplements.