Nowadays high blood pressure (hypertension) is a common health problem in which blood induces force against artery that can cause fatal health diseases. The amount of blood pumping to heart along with thin and narrow arteries show high blood pressure. Generally, high blood pressure has no symptoms that are why many people do not know they have high blood pressure (hypertension).

According to the ground reality, high blood pressure affects everyone eventually because high blood pressure generally prevails in many years.
The people with high blood pressure mostly detect easily by themselves so they visit there doctor gradually because high blood pressure can cause fatal health issues, including kidney failure, stroke and heart attack.

High blood pressure is determined in two ways:
How much heart is pumping blood?

How much resistance shows by arteries during blood flow?


High blood pressure is of two types:

  • Primary high blood pressure
  • Secondary high blood pressure

Primary high blood pressure is controllable and non-identified it mostly makes out in many years without any reason.

Some underlying condition causes high blood pressure that type of pressure is known as secondary high blood pressure. Secondary high blood pressure is uncontrollable and unpredictable; it appears unexpectedly due to some major health issue.


Several condition are responsible for secondary high blood pressure hypertension:

  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Kidney problem
  • Adrenal gland tumours
  • Thyroid problems
  • Defective blood vessels
  • Due to some medications
  • Illegal drug intake
  • anxiety, stress


Symptoms of high blood pressure


In the beginning, hypertension has no symptoms that’s why also called silent killer.
The continuous high blood pressure shows some symptoms such as

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Nose bleeding
  • Vision problem
  • Feeling the heat in the brain
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Wrath
  • Fever
  • Redness in the body (red face)
  • Insomnia
  • Fatigue.
  • Difficulty in breath
  • Body tremble
  • Excessive sweating
  • Chest pain
  • Blood in the urine

high blood pressure (hypertension) chart is below:

high blood pressure (hypertension) chart according to age

Hypertension and its complication

Heart problem high blood pressure can cause heart problems because supply of blood gets higher in vessels and arteries.

For example

  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure
  • Brain stroke
  • Brain haemorrhage
  • Dementia

Weaken vessels are life-threatening because of high blood pressure induce force on vessels. So, the Weaken vessels make aneurysm, if it raptures then, can be fatal for life.

Damage kidney vessels make them weakened, narrowed blood vessels. Then, the organ starts malfunctioning.

Vision loss due to hypertension because it thick, narrow and sometime tear blood vessels.

Manipulation with memory is normal condition occur in hypertension which the person understand things properly.

A metabolic disorder is also very common in high blood pressure sometimes the disorder turns into syndrome (multiple disorders) such as high-density lipoprotein (cholesterol), high triglycerides and insulin (diabetes). These disorders lead to heart diseases, stroke, haemorrhage and diabetes.

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