A rare blood disorder in which blood cannot clot normally that is known as hemophilia. In this condition, blood has no enough clotting protein due to this deficiency a patient may bleed more than other patients small injury.
Minor cuts normal are not problematic but severe deficiency of blood clotting protein it can cause major issues for the patient of hemophilia.
Hemophilia may be life-threatening if the patient-internal bleeding occurs which causes the organs and tissues damage. Generally, the physical signs of hemophilia blood disorder manifest in some areas like knees, ankles and elbows.
Hemophilia is a genetically transmitted disease which has no treatment rather than replacement of clotting proteins on a regular basis whenever it required.
Symptoms of hemophilia
Symptoms can be different from depends upon the nature of blood disorder and quantity of clotting proteins in the blood. Hemophilia can be major and minor according to the transmission of genes ancestors.
- Continuous bleeding occurs when deficiency goes on severe levels.
- Unexplained and excessive bleeding from injuries, surgical cuts or other medical treatments.
- Many huge and deep bruise.
- Abnormal bleeding after vaccination
- Pain spelling and tightness in joints
- Blood in urine or stool
- Unusual nose bleeding
- Dizziness and mood swings.
Causes hemophilia a blood disorder
Generally, hemophilia is a genetic blood disorder and it presents on the X chromosome. There are two sex chromosomes in everyone. A female child has one X chromosome from her mother and another X chromosome from her father. A male child has an X chromosome from the mother and Y chromosome for father. The defect gene presents on the X chromosome so it majority transmit for mother.
Generally, the female is carriers they have no symptoms of hemophilia blood disorder.
Sometimes hemophilia occurs due to other reasons and diseases. However, 30 per cent of people experience this disorder in some severe disease pre or post symptoms such as
- Dengue haemorrhage
- Autoimmune disorder (lupus)
- Multiple sclerosis
Complications of hemophilia
Inflammation: Most of the people with hemophilia blood disorder has inflammation and infection too quickly than the others.
Internal bleeding: Bleeding in organs, tissues and muscles cause severe problems which can be painful or numbed.
Joints damage: it mostly damages the joints, that cause severe pain due to the pressure of internal bleeding. However, the rapid internal bleeding cause arthritis and entire joint destruction.
Immune system Malfunction: the immune system produces proteins for healing hemophilia but it affects the treatment and creates the problem in treatment.